When you build your own inground pool, one of the phases of pool construction that you will need to hire-out is electrical. You may be an electrical wizard, but if you’re not certified in Texas, the electrical inspection of your pool may fail to pass.
This article focuses on the electrical tasks of building an inground pool, and how to pass your electrical inspection.
Swimming Pool Electrical Wiring
The electrical tasks of wiring of swimming pool include
1). Securing the electrical Permit,
2). Wiring a sub-panel at the equipment pad to power the pool equipment,
3). Bonding the metal components of the pool and
4). Passing the electrical inspections.
PERMITS & INSPECTIONS: Securing the electrical permits and passing the electrical inspections are fairly straight forward for a licensed electrician, and require just a few hours to complete. The main job of your electrician is to power and bond the pool and equipment, in accordance with the National Electric Code, article 680 – and, any additional requirements of your local inspector.
SUB-PANEL WIRING: A sub-panel is a small breaker box, usually 100 amps, or enough to power all of your pool equipment. Extra costs will add-up if your main breaker box for the house does not have enough excess power to spare 100 amps for the sub-panel – or, when the sub-panel (and pool equipment) is not located close to the house, or close to the main breaker box for the house.
Inground pool wiring
Normally, the main panel has enough power to spare, but the second issue – the location of the pool equipment, should be a careful consideration. The equipment must be located 10-20 ft away from the edge of the pool; but close enough to the house for convenient access. If you place the equipment pad far from the house, you’ll have extra charges for digging a trench from the house panel to the sub-panel. There is also a trench from the equipment pad to the underwater pool light. The best (cheapest) location for the pool equipment pad (and sub-panel), is usually next to the house, and somewhat near the underwater pool light(s).
BONDING: Different from grounding, bonding uses a #8 bare copper wire to connect the metal components of the pool, to carry away any stray voltage. The bonding wire is attached to the pool wall panels, the pool light niche, the pool ladder anchor sockets, and any metal pool equipment (pump, filter, heater). In some areas, the pool deck itself may require bonding, known as “equipotential bonding”. This wire runs underground between the pool and the equipment pad, and becomes visible on the pool equipment pad.
Hiring your electrician
AVAILABILITY: A good pool electrical contractor will be busy, especially during spring and summer, when most new construction and upgrades are performed. Being able to commit to your specific dates will be important to a timely pool construction project. Be sure to have a week or day in mind when you solicit electrical quotes, and ask if they will be able to commit to the date on the calendar, within 1 or 2 days, to avoid delays. Also – you want confirmation that your electrician will start and finish within 1-2 days, and not stretch it out over 1-2 weeks.
COST: Another qualifier for hiring a swimming pool electrician may be cost. Factors that affect the cost will be the location of the main electrical panel and location of the pool equipment, as described above, and additional pool equipment such as a pool heater, automatic pool cover, additional pool lights or receptacles (outlets). Most DIY pool builders will spend $2000-$5000 for the entire pool wiring process.
RealTime Electrical Solutions offers quality electrical services at a fair price. If you’re looking for an honest electrician you can trust, call master electrician Kalin Seamans on (469) 475-5488 and he will help you.